Resources

Reference Documents


[1] H. Li, L. Han, R. Duan and G. M. Garner, “Analysis of the Synchronization Requirements of 5g and Corresponding Solutions,” in IEEE Communications Standards Magazine, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 52-58, March 2017, doi: 10.1109/MCOMSTD.2017.1600768ST.

[2] A. Bauch, and P. Whibberley. (2017). Reliable time from GNSS signalsInside GNSS44, 38.

[3] Thongtan, T., Tirawanichakul, P., & Satirapod, C. (2017). Precise receiver clock offset estimations according to each Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) timescalesArtificial Satellites52(4), 99-108.

[4] Niu, X., Yan, K., Zhang, T., Zhang, Q., Zhang, H., & Liu, J. (2015). Quality evaluation of the pulse per second (PPS) signals from commercial GNSS receiversGPS solutions19(1), 141-150.

[5] M. Lipiński, T. Włostowski, J. Serrano and P. Alvarez, “White rabbit: a PTP application for robust sub-nanosecond synchronization,” 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Precision Clock Synchronization for Measurement, Control and Communication, Munich, 2011, pp. 25-30, doi: 10.1109/ISPCS.2011.6070148.

[6] Farkas, J., Varga, B., Miklós, G., & Sachs, J. (2019). 5G-TSN integration meets networking requirementsEricsson Technology Review.


[7] Morales Ferre, R., de la Fuente, A., & Lohan, E. S. (2019). Jammer classification in GNSS bands via machine learning algorithms. Sensors19(22), 4841.

[8] CISA, Time Guidance for Network Operators, Chief Information Officers and Chief Information Security Officers

[9] Guidance on Essential Critical Infrastructure Workforce

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)


ITU-T Recommendations G.826x and G.827x series (G.8200-G.8299: Synchronization, quality and availability targets

ITU-T Recommendations G.8272 : Timing characteristics of primary reference time clocks

TP-GSTR-GNSS – Considerations on the use of GNSS as a primary time reference in telecommunications

3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP)


3GPP technical specification TS 38.133, NR; Requirements for support of radio resource management

3GPP technical specification TS 38.401, NG-RAN; Architecture Description

3GPP technical specification TS 23.501, System architecture for the 5G System (5GS)

3GPP technical specification TR 38.801, Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; Study on new radio access technology: Radio access architecture and interfaces

3GPP technical specification TS 38.104, NR; Base Stationv (BS) radio transmission and reception

Standardization Documents (IEEE)


IEEE Standard for a Precision Clock Synchronization Protocol for Networked Measurement and Control Systems,” in IEEE Std 1588-2002 , vol., no., pp.1-154, 31 Oct. 2002, doi: 10.1109/IEEESTD.2002.94144.

IEEE Standard for a Precision Clock Synchronization Protocol for Networked Measurement and Control Systems,” in IEEE Std 1588-2002 , vol., no., pp.1-154, 31 Oct. 2002, doi: 10.1109/IEEESTD.2002.94144.

IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks–Timing and Synchronization for Time-Sensitive Applications,” in IEEE Std 802.1AS-2020 (Revision of IEEE Std 802.1AS-2011) , vol., no., pp.1-421, 19 June 2020, doi: 10.1109/IEEESTD.2020.9121845.

IEEE Draft Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks – Timing and Synchronization for Time-Sensitive Applications,” in IEEE P802.1AS-Rev/D6.0 December 2017 , vol., no., pp.1-496, 9 Feb. 2018.

IEEE Standard for a Precision Clock Synchronization Protocol for Networked Measurement and Control Systems (IEEE 1588-2019)”, June 16, 2020


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